Uterus Cancer

  • Overview


    Cancer of the uterus (also called uterine cancer) is a cancer of the female reproductive system. It begins from abnormal cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) or the muscle tissue of the uterus (myometrium).

    Symptoms


    • abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding, particularly after menopause (can appear watery or bloody, and may be smelly)
    • discomfort or pain in the abdomen
    • difficult or painful urination
    • pain during sex.

    Cancer Council NSW

    Information extracted and adapted from the Cancer Council NSW website and reproduced with permission.

    http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/74950/b1000/cancer-of-the-uterus-34/cancer-of-the-uterus-symptoms/?pp=33966&cc=9541&&ct=27

    © Cancer Council NSW 2013


    Diagnosis


    • Physical examination
    • Transvaginal ultrasound
    • CT, MRI and PET scans
  • Treatment


    Your doctor will advise you on the best treatment for the cancer. This will depend on the results of your tests, where the cancer is, if it has spread, your age and your general health.

    The main treatment for cancer of the uterus is surgery because it is often diagnosed at an early stage before it has spread. This means that for many women, surgery will be the only treatment they need.

    If the cancer has spread beyond the uterus, radiotherapy, hormone treatment or chemotherapy may also be used


    Cancer Council NSW

    Information extracted and adapted from the Cancer Council NSW website and reproduced with permission.

    http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/1585/b1000/cancer-of-the-uterus-34/cancer-of-the-uterus-treatment-overview/?pp=33968&cc=10080&&ct=27

    © Cancer Council NSW 2013


    Radiotherapy for cancer of the uterus


    Radiotherapy uses x-rays to kill cancer cells or injure them so they cannot multiply. The radiation can be targeted at cancer sites in your body. Treatment is carefully planned to do as little harm as possible to your healthy body tissues.

    Radiotherapy may be recommended if you are not well enough for a major operation. It is also commonly used as an additional treatment to reduce the chance of the disease coming back. This is called adjuvant therapy.


    Cancer Council NSW

    Information extracted and adapted from the Cancer Council NSW website and reproduced with permission.

    http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/79510/b1000/cancer-of-the-uterus-34/radiotherapy-for-cancer-of-the-uterus/?pp=33968&cc=10080&ct=27

    © Cancer Council NSW 2013


    Chemotherapy for cancer of the uterus


    Chemotherapy is the use of cytotoxic drugs, which kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. The aim is to destroy cancer cells while causing the least possible damage to healthy cells. Chemotherapy may be used:

    • for certain types of uterine cancer, such as serous carcinoma
    • when cancer comes back after surgery or radiotherapy, to gain control of the cancer and to relieve symptoms
    • if the cancer does not respond to hormone treatment
    • if the cancer has spread beyond the uterus at the time of diagnosis.

    Chemotherapy is usually given by injecting the drugs into a vein (intravenously). You may need to stay in the hospital overnight or you may be treated as an outpatient. You will have a number of treatments, sometimes up to six, every 3–4 weeks over several months. Your doctor will talk to you about how long your treatment will last.


    Cancer Council NSW

    Information extracted and adapted from the Cancer Council NSW website and reproduced with permission.

    http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/79512/b1000/cancer-of-the-uterus-34/chemotherapy-for-cancer-of-the-uterus/?pp=33968&cc=10080&&ct=27

    © Cancer Council NSW 2013


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